2927. SHRI DARSHAN SINGH YADAV:
SHRIMATI RAJANI PATIL:
SHRI P. BHATTACHARYA:
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:
(a) whether Government has taken or proposes to take financial and technical assistance from international wildlife experts/bodies for protection, preservation and breeding of wildlife such as tigers, lions, elephants, etc.;
(b) if so, the details thereof;
(c) whether Government has taken/proposes to take any steps for strict implementation of wildlife laws for preservation of wild animals; and
(d) if so, the details thereof?
MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)
(a) and (b) Yes, Sir. Presently, financial and technical assistance for protection, and conservation of wildlife has been offered by international organization for the following projects:
(i) Mainstreaming of Coastal and Marine Biodiversity into production Sectors in the East and West Coast of India- Global Environment Facility grant.
(ii) Developing an effective multiple use Management Framework for conserving Biodiversity in the Mountain landscape of the High Ranges, the Western Ghats- Global Environment Facility grant.
(iii) Securing Livelihoods, conservation, sustainable use and restoration of High range Himalayan Ecosystems- Global Environment Facility grant.
(iv) Human Wildlife Conflict Mitigation Project- GIZ grant.
(v) Rhino DNA Indexing System for creation of DNA database for Rhinos-in collaboration with World Wildlife Fund.
(c) and (d) The Government has taken the following important steps for implementation of wildlife laws for conservation of wild animals:
(i) The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 empowers various authorities under the State Governments to exercise various powers in respect of prevention and detection of offences and prosecution of offenders. The state governments have enforcing machinery at the field level for the purpose.
(ii) The Central Government provides financial assistance to States/UTs under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’, ‘Project Tiger’, ‘Project Elephant’ for protection, infrastructure and anti poaching operations (including deployment of special forces like Tiger Protection Force Special Tiger Protection Force and Special Rhino Protection Force).
(iii) Modern technology for improved surveillance (like e-Eye system, Smart patrolling, Camera traps etc.) using thermal cameras are utilized by the State Forest Department.
(iv) The States are assisted to refine protection oriented monitoring through monitoring system for tiger’s intensive protection and ecological status (M-STrIPES).
(v) Initiatives are taken for collaboration of National Tiger Conservation Authority and Wildlife Crime Control Bureau towards an online tiger / wildlife crime tracking / reporting system in tiger reserves and to coordinate with INTERPOL for checking trans-border trade of wildlife products.
(vi) The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has been empowered under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to apprehend and prosecute wildlife offenders.