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EXTINCTION OF WILDLIFE

28 Nov 2016
Rajya Sabha


1328.    KUMARI SELJA:
    SHRI P. BHATTACHARYA:
    SHRI DARSHAN SINGH YADAV:
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:

(a)    whether Government’s attention has been drawn towards World Wildlife Federation’s Report-2016 wherein it has been mentioned that during the next four years 50 per cent of wildlife in the country would be extinct;
(b)    if so, whether Government has undertaken any study about the threat and about the reasons for such extinction; and
(c)    the efforts made by Government to save wildlife?

MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)

(a)    No, Sir. Living Planet Report-2016 of World Wildlife Federation does not specifically mention the state of wildlife in a particular country.

(b)    Various scientific institutes like Botanical Survey of India, Zoological Survey of India, Central Marine Fishery Research Institute etc. monitor the status  of plants and animals of the country.

(c)    Following steps have been taken by the Ministry for the conservation and protection of wildlife and its habitats in the country:
i.    Protected Areas, viz., National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves covering important wildlife habitats have been created all over the country under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to conserve wild species of importance and their habitats. Presently there are 733 Protected Areas (103 National Parks, 537 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 26 Community Reserves and 67 Conservation Reserves) covering 4.89% of the total geographical area of the country.
ii.    Financial assistance is provided to the State/ Union Territory Governments under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats' , ‘Project Tiger’ and ‘Project Elephant’ for improvement of forest and wildlife areas like the national parks and sanctuaries to provide improved habitats to animals and also for undertaking protection measures.
iii.    A specific  component of “Recovery programmes for saving critically endangered species and habitats’ is provided in the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’ for focused conservation action on selected critically endangered species.
iv.    Legal protection has been provided to wild animals against hunting and commercial exploitation through the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. Trade of schedule-I species of wild animals are prohibited.
v.    In addition to provision of stringent punishment for the offenders, the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 also provides for forfeiture of any equipment, vehicle or weapon that is used for committing wildlife offence(s).
vi.    The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been set up to ensure co-ordination among various officers and State Governments in connection with the enforcement of law for control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and its products.