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PROTECTION OF TIGERS

21 Nov 2016
Rajya Sabha


  1. DR. T. SUBBARAMI REDDY:

            SHRIMATI AMBIKA SONI:

Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:

(a)        whether the Global Tiger Forum (GTF) has proposed India’s robust tiger estimation method to Southeast Asian countries, to boost tiger population and if so, the details thereof;

(b)        what is the population of tigers in various reserve forests in the country, during the last three years, sanctuary-wise and year-wise;

(c)        the measures taken by Government to conserve and protect the tigers in various forest reserves; and

(d)       the steps taken to involve NGOs and experts in boosting the wild animal population?

MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)

(a)        No Sir.

 (b)        Based on the country level All India Tiger Estimation done once in four years, the number of tigers in different tiger range States are at Annexure-I.  The tiger reserve-wise number of tigers, as per latest estimation is at Annexure-II

 (c)        Several steps have been taken by the Government of India to conserve and protect tigers and other wildlife in tiger reserves, which are at Annexure-III.

 (d)       The assistance of National NGOs and experts is taken in the country level All India Tiger Estimation done once in four years.  The experts also contribute in Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of Tiger Reserves done once in four years.  Besides, NGOs assist the tiger reserve administration at local level in capacity building of staff and other exercises.

 

ANNEXURE-I

ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 529 ON PROTECTION OF TIGERS DUE FOR REPLY ON 21.11.2016

Number of tigers in different tiger range States, based on the country level All India Tiger Estimation done once in four years (tiger estimation pertaining to tiger landscapes in the country, for the years 2010 and 2014)

 

 

Tiger Population

 

 

State

2010

2014

Increase / Decrease / Stable

Shivalik-Gangetic Plain Landscape Complex

 

 

 

Uttarakhand

227 (199-256)

340

Increase

Uttar Pradesh

118 (113-124)

117

Stable

Bihar

8 (-)

28

Increase

Shivalik Gangetic

353 (320-388)

485 (427-543)

Increase

Central Indian Landscape Complex and Eastern Ghats Landscape Complex

 

 

 

Andhra Pradesh (including Telangana)

72 (65-79)

68

Stable

Chhattisgarh

26 (24-27)

46

Increase

Madhya Pradesh

257 (213-301)

308

Increase

Maharashtra

169 (155-183)

190

Increase

Odisha

32 (20-44)

28

Stable

Rajasthan

36 (35-37)

45

Increase

Jharkhand

10 (6-14)

3+

Decrease*

Central India

601 (518-685)

688 (596-780)

Increase

Western Ghats Landscape Complex

 

 

 

Karnataka

300 (280-320)

406

Increase

Kerala

71 (67-75)

136

Increase

Tamil Nadu

163 (153-173)

229

Increase

Goa

-

5

Increase

Western Ghats

534 (500-568)

776 (685-861)

Increase

North Eastern Hills and Brahmaputra Flood Plains

 

 

 

Assam

143 (113-173)

167

Increase

Arunachal Pradesh

-

28

Increase

Mizoram

5

3+

Stable

North West Bengal

-

3

**

North East Hills, and Brahmaputra

148 (118-178)

201 (174-212)

Increase

Sunderbans

70 (64-90)

76 (92-96)

Stable

 

TOTAL

 

1706 (1520-1909)

 

2226 (1945-2491)

 

 

Increase

 

+ From scat DNA

♣  From camera trap data and scat DNA

* Much of the tiger occupied areas could not be surveyed owing to naxal problem

** Tiger estimation was not done in the year 2010

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