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COUNTING OF WILD ANIMALS

7 Feb 2017
Lok Sabha


  1. SHRI JUGAL KISHORE:       

Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE  be pleased to state:

 (a) whether counting of wild cats, lions, tigers, leopards, panthers etc. has been carried out in various wildlife sanctuaries in the country;

(b) if so, the details thereof along with the year in which counting of wild animals was done last and the comparative data of every species of animals therein; and

(c)  the annual rate of increase in population of such animals, sanctuary-wise?

MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE  SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)

 

(a), (b & (c) Census of major flagship species is undertaken at the State-level by the respective State/Union Territory Governments periodically. However census of tiger and elephant is undertaken at the national level once every four and five years respectively. State-wise comparative estimated population of tigers, elephants, rhino and lions,  as available with the Ministry, is given in the Annexure.

There is a general trend of increase in the population of tiger, elephants, rhino and lions in the country.

 

 

ANNEXURE-I A

 ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (a)AND (b)OF THE LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 758 REGARDING ‘COUNTING OF WILD ANIMALS’ BY SHRI JUGAL KISHORE DUE FOR REPLY ON 07.2.2017.

 

Details of tiger estimation pertaining to tiger landscapes in the country, for the years 2010 and 2014

 

 

Tiger Population

 

Trend

State

2010

2014

Increase / Decrease / Stable

Shivalik-Gangetic Plain Landscape Complex

 

 

 

Uttarakhand

227 (199-256)

340

Increase

Uttar Pradesh

118 (113-124)

117

Stable

Bihar

8 (-)

28

Increase

Shivalik Gangetic

353 (320-388)

485 (427-543)

Increase

Central Indian Landscape Complex and Eastern Ghats Landscape Complex

 

 

 

Andhra Pradesh (including Telangana)

72 (65-79)

68

Stable

Chhattisgarh

26 (24-27)

46

Increase

Madhya Pradesh

257 (213-301)

308

Increase

Maharashtra

169 (155-183)

190

Increase

Odisha

32 (20-44)

28

Stable

Rajasthan

36 (35-37)

45

Increase

Jharkhand

10 (6-14)

3+

Decrease*

Central India

601 (518-685)

688 (596-780)

Increase

Western Ghats Landscape Complex

 

 

 

Karnataka

300 (280-320)

406

Increase

Kerala

71 (67-75)

136

Increase

Tamil Nadu

163 (153-173)

229

Increase

Goa

-

5

Increase

Western Ghats

534 (500-568)

776 (685-861)

Increase

North Eastern Hills and Brahmaputra Flood Plains

 

 

 

Assam

143 (113-173)

167

Increase

Arunachal Pradesh

-

28

Increase

Mizoram

5

3+

Stable

North West Bengal

-

3

**

North East Hills, and Brahmaputra

148 (118-178)

201 (174-212)

Increase

Sunderbans

70 (64-90)

76 (92-96)

Stable

TOTAL

1706 (1520-1909)

2226 (1945-2491)

Increase

+ From scat DNA

♣  From camera trap data and scat DNA

* Much of the tiger occupied areas could not be surveyed owing to naxal problem

** Tiger estimation was not done in the year 2010

ANNEXURE-I B

Population of wild elephants

REGION

STATE

ELEPHANT POPULATION

 

2007

2012

Trend

North-East

Arunachal Pradesh

1690

890

Decrease

Assam

5281

5620

Increase

Meghalaya

1811

1811*

Stable

Nagaland

152

212

Increase

Mizoram

12

-

 

Tripura

59

59

Stable

West Bengal (North)

300-350

647

Increase

Total for North-East

 

9305-9355

9239

Decrease

East

West Bengal (South)

25

#

 

Jharkhand

624

688

Increase

Orissa

1862

1930

Increase

Chhattisgarh

122

247

Increase

Total for East

 

2633

2865

Increase

North

Uttarakhand

1346

1346*

Stable

 

Uttar Pradesh

380

291

Decrease

Total for North

 

1726

1637

Decrease

South

Tamil Nadu

3867

4015

Increase

 

Karnataka

4035

5648-6488

Increase

 

Kerala

6068

5942-6422

Stable

 

Andhra Pradesh

28

41

Increase

 

Maharashtra

7

4

Increase

Total for South

 

14005

15650-16970

Increase

GRAND TOTAL

 

27669-27719

29391-30711

Increase

 

*          Meghalaya and Uttarakhand has not conducted elephant census after 2007.  Therefore, the figure of 2007 has been maintained for 2012 as well.

#          The figure for North and South Bengals are combined.

ANNEXURE-I C

Population of Rhinoceros as reported by States

 

Name of state

 No. of rhinoceros (Year of Census)

Trend

Assam

2505 (2012)

2624  (2015)

Increase

Uttar Pradesh

30

34

Increase

West Bengal

229  (2013)

255 (2015)

Increase

 

Population of lion as reported by State Government  of Gujarat

 

Name of state

No. of lion  (Year of Census)

Trend

Gujarat

411 (2010)

523 (2015)

Increase

       

 

***