1955. SHRI NARAYAN LAL PANCHARIYA
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state
(a) The number of incidents of wild animals venturing into human habitats reported during the last three years;
(b) whether there have been any loss of human or animal life in such cases, if so, the details thereof; and
(c) whether Government has conducted any study to identify the reasons therefor, if so, the details thereof?
MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE(SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)
(a) The management and protection of wild animals in the State/ Union Territory is carried out by the concerned State/Union Territory Governments. Details of wild animals venturing into human habitats reported during the last three years are not collated in the Ministry.
(b) As per the information available in the Ministry, the number of human deaths caused by elephant and tiger and death of animals (tiger and elephant) during last three years is given in the Annexure-I and Annexure-II.
(c) No specific study has been conducted across the country regarding the reasons of venturing of wild animals into human habitats. However, Based on the expert opinion and reports received from various agencies, following reasons can be attributed to the loss of human life and domestic livestock due to wild animals:
i. Habitat fragmentation, degradation and loss due to increase of human population and encroachment into wilderness resulting in scarcity of area for space and food for wildlife.
ii. Some species like rhesus macaques and nilgai have actually benefited from human modification of natural habitats (open garbage dumps and increase in agriculture) and thereby increase in numbers to create conflict with human interests.
iii. Disruption and encroachment of traditional movement corridors due to developmental and habitat alteration.
iv. Change in traditional land use patterns.