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ENDANGERED SPECIES

11 Apr 2017
Lok Sabha


6207: Shri PR. Senthilnathan

Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE be pleased to state:-

 (a) the total number of endangered animals and birds recorded in the country during each of the last three years, State-wise;

(b) whether the Government has taken latest and adequate security measures for the establishment of special parks and protection of endangered species of animals and birds in the country;

(c) if so, the details thereof and the amount sanctioned in this regard during the said period, State-wise;

(d) whether the Government has formed or advised the State/UTs to form important committees/wings dealing with endangered animals; and

(e) if so, the details thereof along with the composition, roles and responsibilities of such committees/wings?

MINISTER OF STATE (INDEPENDENT CHARGE) FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (SHRI ANIL MADHAV DAVE)

 (a) Enumeration of major species like tiger, elephant and rhino are done periodically in the country. However, as per the Red list version published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), followings were listed as ‘Threatened Species’ (Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable) during the last three years:

S.No.

Taxa

                       Year

2013

2015

2016

1

 Mammals

95

96

92

2

Birds

80

82

87

3

Reptiles

50

53

54

4

Amphibians

74

75

75

5

Fishes

213

214

222

6

Other Invertebrates

134

135

135

(b)&(c) Though some of the Protected Areas are specifically dedicated for conservation of certain endangered species, financial assistance under various Centrally Sponsored Schemes viz, ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’, ‘Project Tiger’, and ‘Project Elephant’ are provided to State/UT Governments for protection and conservation of wildlife including endangered species and their habitats. State-wise details of funds released under these schemes during the last three years are given in the Annexure-I.

 (d)&(e) State Governments are empowered to constitute Committees for conservation of wildlife based on need based assessment. However, the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, stipulates formation of State Board for Wild Life under the chairmanship of respective Chief Ministers. Chief Wildlife Wardens of the respective states are responsible for coordination of activities for wildlife conservation. The composition and duties of the State Board is at Annexure-II.