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TIGER RESERVES

15 Dec 2017
Lok Sabha



173. DR SHRIKANT EKNATH SHINDE
SHRI PINAKI MISRA
Will the Minister of ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGEe pleased to state:-

(a) the number of tiger reserves in the country along with details of their area in percentage as compared to the total physical area of the country;
(b) whether the Government has made any census of the tigers population in the country and if so, the details thereof along with their present population, reserve/State/UT-wise;
(c) the total increase in the tigers population in the last five years since the beginning of 2012-13;
(d) whether reportedly an average of 11 tigers died every month in the country and the count is increasing day by day and if so, the details of the deaths of the tigers during last five years and the current year, reserve-wise; and
(e) whether the Government has made any study to find out the causes of deaths of the tigers in the country and if so, the details thereof and the action taken thereon?

MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE (DR. MAHESH SHARMA)

(a) India has 50 tiger reserves currently, having an area of 72749.02 sq.km. in 18 tiger range States, which is 2.21% of country’s geographical area.

(b) & (c) As per the assessment of the Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, 2014 using the refined methodology, the tiger number has shown 30% increase countrywide with an estimated number of 2226 (range 1945-2491) as compared to 2010 estimation of 1706 (range 1520-1909 tigers). The country level tiger estimation using the refined methodology is done once in four years. The details of tiger estimation pertaining to tiger landscapes in the country for the years 2010 and 2014 are at Annexure-I.

(d) It is not a fact that an average of 11 tigers died every month in the country and the count is increasing day by day. Details of the death of tigers during last five years and the current year, reserve-wise, as reported by States, is at Annexure-II. Details of death of tigers outside tiger reserves during last five years and the current year, State-wise, as reported by States is at Annexure-III.

(e) Cause of death is analysed on a case to case basis and cause is attributed after following a robust and exhaustive procedure which entails assessing reports as per Standard Operating Procedure of the National Tiger Conservation Authority, forensic analysis, pathology reports besides post mortem reports. Action if the death is not found natural is taken as per relevant provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.